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Pile-woven or knotted rugs are created by knots. Most handmade rugs with the exception of kelims are woven by tying knots on the warp strands. The type of knot used in weaving and knot density are discussed below. Carpet and rug knots are the basic building blocks of these type of exclusive and exquisite art works.

There are different methods by which knots are created. The two predominant types of knots are asymmetrical and symmetrical. There are other kinds of knots as well such as jufti and Tibetan. However, they are not as frequently used.


Knot density is measured in the imperial system in square inch and in the metric system in square decimeter. Every decimeter is equal to 10 centimeters and approximately 4 inches. Knot density is measured by counting the number of knots per linear inch or decimeter along the warp and weft (visible on the backside of the rug) and multiplying the two numbers. Since usually the two numbers are the same, one number can simply be squared.

Knot density could be a factor in the value of a rug, but this is not always true. In nomadic and some village items, knot density is usually not a factor. It is not a factor for collectors of these rugs either because nomadic and village rugs are judged by different standards than workshop rugs. Nomads and village groups do not have the same sophisticated tools as other city weaving groups. Their items are valued by the fact that their designs are created from memory, their dyes and materials are provided from the nature around them, and most importantly the weavers’ way of life is expressed in them

These rugs generally have a knot density of between 25 to 100 knots per square inch. Rugs with higher knot density take a longer time to make, and since nomads migrate as the seasons change, if their rugs are not finished in time for migration, they will have to carry the looms with them.

Therefore, their rugs tend to have a lower knot density than workshop rugs. The value of these rugs lies in their heritage and simplicity. They have artistic value.

More On Carpet & Rug Knots »


The carpet and rugs knots that form the foundation of these art pieces are highest in silk carpets, that have the feeling of absolute luxury and opulence.

The other popular materials that we can weave the magic are pure wool and a blend of both worlds: wool silk.

Available in a vast variety of sizes ranging from 3 ft by 2ft to the largest in the Mumbai based showroom: 18 ft by 12 feet.

Our artisans create carpets and rugs in predominantly three categories: floral designs, geometric/tribal designs and pictorial designs.

The quality of pure silk carpets is unparalleled in the carpets world.

For those interested in creating an unique carpet for their bespoke homes; we have the custom order service that allows you to choose: size, shape (not just rectangular, but square, circular, hexagon or even an octagon).

Popular Pure Silk Carpets & Rugs

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Tigerlily Heriz

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Dusty Coral Qum


Carpet And Rug Knots »

All handmade rugs are functional and exceptional works of art created with great patience. Every single knot is tied by hand. A rug can consist of 25 to over 1,000 knots per square inch. A skillful weaver is able to tie a knot in about ten seconds, meaning 6 knots per minute or 360 knots per hour. That means it would take a skillful weaver 6,480 hours to weave a 9×12-foot rug with a density of 150 knots per square inch. If we divide this number by 8-hour working days, that means it would take one weaver 810 days (approximately two and a half years) to weave such a rug. A rug as large as a 9×12 is usually woven by two or three weavers, so the above time can be reduced by half or third. Imagine if the knot density is even higher!


Asymmetrical (Persian or Senneh) Knot

The asymmetrical knot is used in Iran, India, Turkey, Egypt and China. To form this knot, yarn is wrapped around one warp strand and then passed under the neighboring warp strand and brought back to the surface. With this type of knot a finer weave can be created.


Jufti Knot

The jufti knot can be seen in rugs of Khorasan, Iran. This knot can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical. The knot is usually tied over four warps making the weaving process faster.


Symmetrical (Turkish or Ghiorde) Knot

The symmetrical knot is used in Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran by Turkish and Kurdish tribes. It is also used in some European rugs. To form this knot, yarn is passed over two neighboring warp strands. Each end of the yarn is then wrapped behind one warp and brought back to the surface in the middle of the two warps.


Tibetan Knot

In Tibet, a distinctive rug-weaving technique is used. A temporary rod which establishes the length of pile is put in front of the warp.
A continuous yarn is looped around two warps and then once around the rod. When a row of loops is finished, then the loops are cut to construct the knots.